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Renewables, Investments, and State Aids: Exploring the Legal Side of Polycentricity

Bellantuono, Giuseppe (Professor) (2017) Renewables, Investments, and State Aids: Exploring the Legal Side of Polycentricity. Working Paper. University of Birmingham.



The requirement to adopt minimum labour standards is now standard practice in free trade agreements negotiated by major trading powers such as the EU and US. However, such practice has historically been contested by developing countries, who contend that the requirement to increase labour and social protection standards is designed to remove one of the few competitive advantages that developing countries have over developed countries in attracting foreign investment. More recently, the EU and the US have also sought to use so-called ‘mega-regionals’ to promote labour standards. This was a significant development in that their proponents were keen to stress that these agreements would set the benchmark for labour protection provisions in FTAs, readily admitting that one of the central aims pursued by such agreements was to redefine the rules of the global trading system. The paper aims to assess the labour standards provisions included in EU and US FTAs, determine the rationale behind the inclusion of such provisions, and examine the extent to which mega-regionals such as the TTIP and the TPP marked a significant departure from past practice.

Type of Work:Monograph (Working Paper)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Arts & Law
Department:Birmingham Law School, Institute of European Law
Additional Information:

A previous version of this paper was presented to the Bocconi University seminars on energy law.

Date:22 October 2017
Series/Collection Name:IEL Working Papers
Subjects:K Law > K Law (General)
Copyright Status:© The Author(s)
ID Code:3048

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