Haider, Huma (2009) Community-based approaches to peacebuilding in conflict-affected and fragile contexts. Discussion Paper. University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
Available under License .
URL of Published Version: http://www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/EIRS8.pdf
The impact of violent conflict and fragility on a country’s society, economy and political governance is devastating and encompassing. The effects can be tangible and visible, including killed and injured civilians, destroyed or derelict bridges and wells, and damaged or inadequate health and education facilities. They can also be intangible, such as the collapse of state institutions, mistrust in government, the destruction of social relationships, psychological trauma and pervasive fear. Addressing both types of effects are essential in conflict-affected and fragile contexts.
The ‘community’ has often proven to be resilient in such contexts, providing survival and coping mechanisms for insecurity and fragility. Experience has shown that even in areas of sheer desolation, social life and organisational systems can readily re-emerge within community networks. (Pouligny, 2005) Growing attention has thus been paid in recent years to the adoption of community-based approaches to help address the extensive needs in conflict-affected and fragile contexts. Fragile contexts are situations in which ‘state structures lack political will and/or capacity to provide the basic functions needed for poverty reduction, development and to safeguard the security and human rights of their population’. (OECD DAC, 2007) Conflict-affected contexts encompass situations prior to, during and after armed conflict.
This paper explores the rationale behind community-based approaches; and key issues, challenges and considerations in designing and implementing such approaches. It highlights overarching issues across sectors and country-contexts, with particular focus on implications specific to conflict-affected and fragile contexts. Section one provides an overview of community-based approaches to peacebuilding, including a brief look at typology and community institutions. Section two outlines the key aims of community-based approaches and how these aims are approached. It also discusses the various challenges in fulfilling these aims and how these challenges can be addressed. Section three highlights key considerations in the planning, execution and monitoring of community-based approaches, including the set up of participatory, community institutions and funding mechanisms. Section four examines issues of sustainability. In particular, it discusses linking community processes to government in order to ensure greater impact and consolidation of community-based interventions. The final section provides an annotated bibliography of specific case studies and evaluations of community-based approaches, highlighting lessons learned and policy recommendations.
|Type of Work:||Monograph (Discussion Paper)|
|School/Faculty:||Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences|
|Number of Pages:||42|
|Department:||International Development Department|
Barakat, S. et al. (2006) ‘Mid-term Evaluation Report of the National Solidarity Programme (NSP), Afghanistan’, Post-war Reconstruction & Development Unit (PRDU), University of York; and Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
|Projects:||Governance and Social Development Resource Centre|
|Series/Collection Name:||GSDRC Emerging Issues Papers|
|Keywords:||peace-building, peacebuilding, state-building, statebuilding, community, community-based approaches, fragile states, conflict, development, international development|
|Subjects:||J Political Science > JZ International relations|
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare
J Political Science > JF Political institutions (General)
|Copyright Status:||Copyright 2009 University of Birmingham|
|Copyright Holders:||University of Birmingham|
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