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Female madrasas in Pakistan: a response to modernity

Bano, Masooda (2010) Female madrasas in Pakistan: a response to modernity. Working Paper. University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

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URL of Published Version: http://www.religionsanddevelopment.org/files/resourcesmodule/@random454f80f60b3f4/1280142650_working_paper_45___complete_for_web.pdf

Identification Number/DOI: ISBN: 0704427850 / 9780704427853


There has been a recent surge in demand for Islamic education for young women in Pakistan, which this paper examines and seeks to explain. It suggests that number of female madrasas has grown because they provide an education for young women from middle income families, which responds to many of the pressures resulting from economic and cultural change. The paper charts the birth, growing demand for and increasing numbers of female madrasas (Islamic schools) in Pakistan since the 1970s, noting that this reflects both demand from families and a positive response by the Islamic educational establishment. It attributes the recent surge in demand for Islamic education among girls who have already completed a secular education (mostly aged 16+) to the uncertain external environment. Globalization, development processes and wider availability of the mass media (especially cable television) are exposing young women from middle income families to western notions of gender equality and increasing their desire to access good jobs. However, the state has failed to provide educational and employment opportunities to match their aspirations. In addition, the erosive effect of cultural change on values that stress the importance of being a good Muslim, wife, mother and daughter concerns religious teachers, parents and many young women alike.

Type of Work:Monograph (Working Paper)
School/Faculty:Colleges (2008 onwards) > College of Social Sciences
Number of Pages:25
Department:International Development Department

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Projects:Religions and Development Research Programme
Series/Collection Name:RaD Working Papers Series
Keywords:Religion, Development, Women, Female Madrasas, Pakistan, Modernity
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
H Social Sciences > HQ The family. Marriage. Woman
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Related URLs:
Copyright Status:University of Birmingham, 2010
Copyright Holders:University of Birmingham
ID Code:1571

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